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Wedged and Shouldered Half Dovetail Notes

October 1, 2012 Leave a comment

Layout:

* Don’t print out only a sheet with all the dimensions of elements in the mortise and tenon, it causes cumulative error – make sure to print out all the distances across the length from the end of the piece as a reference, then use a square to draw lines across the piece, and check length of other side

* Use a square to offset and pencil and slide the square to draw offset lines to complete rectangles

* Make sure your smallest wedge height is greater than the half dovetail height so you can seat it properly

 

Hollow Chisel Mortising

* Don’t cut all the way through, flip the piece over and meet in the middle to avoid tearout

* Double check the wedge angles, where they terminate (before making any cuts as if the wood were whole) so you do not cut too much

* You really want the proper sized chisel to avoid doubling work

* To avoid jams on first use of the day after using it prior (bit cool and compresses leftover wood in the chisel), either clean out the chips at the end of use or go very slowly to push out the old wood

* Use wide blade chisel to clean up the sides, tilting a little go across, and come from both side meeting in the middle

* Use a Dial caliper to gauge opening thickness before test fitting to avoid wasting time

 

Chiseling out the half Dovetail and Wedge

* Create a long hardwood guide so you can clamp it down, angled so that you cut towards the mortised out hole, and it is important to mark if you are to cut the top or bottom of the wood, and label if for which side of the mortise it is used on

* Clamp hard to avoid slip

 

Cut the shoulder

* Create a thin (thinner than the shoulder thickness) hardwood template of the required cut so you can use it as a guide where to remove more material and when to stop

* Use a caliper to test the width

 

Cut the tenon

* Establish the shoulders with a saw, clean with shoulder plane and/or chisels

* You can use a router plane to clean up a hand saw cut of the cheeks, unless it’s big, at which point either use other same width pieces around the tenon for support or use a portable router validating the depth from both sides leaves the desired tenon width, you can only remove material once as you route away your support, especially when using a trim router

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